Theme Superscape 2020

MIXED-USE CITY - Living, Working and Urban Production

Like the earlier industrial revolution, it is now the digital revolution that is influencing social, economic and socio-cultural processes and, hence, making increased demands on the functionality and use of urban habitats. The barriers between public and private space, between living and working, between digital and analogue are steadily disappearing. The relentless merging of many of the aspects of the lives of the inhabitants and users of cities and the shifting of these to the digital level mean that the built environment can no longer be structured in a mono-functional way.

As we search for forward-looking, sustainable and people-oriented approaches to urban development the idea of “mixed use” has huge potential. In this context, urban production and its increasing importance as a significant element of the diversified city plays a prominent role.

The ever more intensive relationships between and mutual interconnectedness of knowledge, research, development, culture and services and the new manufacturing methods brought by digitalisation are also re-establishing the place and role of production in the city. The task for architecture is to test creative concepts, innovative models and solutions that propose visions of the future and experimental designs and address the spatial and social challenges of urban (living) space in the year 2050. This exercise raises many questions:

How can mixed-use solutions that combine urban production with living, working and public space function in both spatial and social terms? Which types and sectors of production come into question? And what added value will this generate for users?

What needs must be met by the residential building of the future against the background of changing living conditions, new everyday cultures and a permanently diversifying society (multi-local or temporary living, individualisation, the sharing economy etc.)?

Which design approaches enable the functions and qualities of a whole range of mixed-use options to be accommodated? What is the role of public space?

How can the existing city be involved in this process? Which solutions, products and services could prove to be ecological, economic, social, functional and also sustainable? How can these also address social diversity and varying needs?

How can new spatial and functional structures impact upon mobility behaviour, transport infrastructures, logistics, commerce and waste management as well as private and public resources?

What is the role of economic processes and innovative technologies? Which options and possibilities present themselves in the context of social and technical integration for architecture, urban design and living space and its inhabitants?

Jury 2020

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Angelika Fitz

Angelika Fitz has been director of the Az W Architekturzentrum Wien (Austria’s Architecture Museum) since 2017. The Az W shows, discusses and researches the ways in which architecture shapes the daily life of each one of us. Fitz has worked internationally as curator and cultural theorist since the late 1990s. Many of her curatorial projects are conceived as platforms for knowledge transfer and co-production. Recent exhibitions and publications include We-Traders. Swapping Cities for Crisis, Actopolis. The Art of Action, and with the Architekturzentrum Assemble. How to Build as well as Downtown Denise Scott Brown. Most recently Fitz worked with Elke Krasny on the exhibition and publication Critical Care. Architecture and Urbanism for a Broken Planet co-published by Az W and MIT Press in 2019.

https://www.azw.at/en/

Credits: © Marlene Rahmann

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Claudia Nutz

Claudia Nutz has worked on the development of large properties and urban quarters for 20 years. Her education and training has covered both the technical and economic fields. She has previously worked with the commercial developers BOE Bauobjekt Entwicklung, the consulting company immovement and the BIG Bundesimmobiliengesellschaft. She contributed significantly to the development of Seestadt Aspern and to the property management activities of the ÖBB. She now works freelance through her own consultancy company “nutzeffekt”. She is involved in numerous urban development projects, particularly in Vienna but also across Austria and internationally (Ottakringer Brauerei, Seestadt Aspern, ÖBB station projects across Austria, Graz Reininghaus, Munich Freiham and Split City Port East, etc.). Her clients include owners of large properties, developers who jointly develop large sites and public institutions such as municipal authorities and development agencies.

http://www.nutzeffekt.at/

Credits: © Michael Nagl

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Andreas Rumpfhuber

Dr Andreas Rumpfhuber is an architect and architectural theorist whose work focusses on new forms of working and living. He is the author of the books “Architektur immaterieller Arbeit” (Vienna: 2013), The Design of Scarcity (London-Moscow: 2014), Modelling Vienna Real Fictions in Social Housing (Vienna: 2015), Wunschmaschine Wohnanlage (Vienna: 2016) and Into the Great Wide Open (Barcelona: 2017) and of numerous texts published in, inter alia, The Guardian, E-Flux, AA Files, Harvard Design Magazine and Arch+. He has taught and lectured at institutions including the Architectural Association London, ETH Zürich, UdK Berlin and as a guest professor at the Muthesius University of Fine Arts and Design Kiel (spatial and design strategies), Stuttgart State Academy of Art and Design and Vienna University of Technology (urban planning). He has been a certified ‘Ziviltechniker’ since 2015, since when he has been successful in several competitions and completed a number of projects. He recently won the developer competition “An der Schanze”, Vienna, 22.

https://www.ex-d.net/

Credits: © Katarina Šoškić

Winning Project Superscape 2020

The project takes up the discussion about production, conservation, transformation and decay in urban landscapes. The substance for the city of the future is found in those places where human interventions overlap with the momentum of non-human metabolic processes. The project questions the use of urban wastelands in the post-industrial city and appeals for these spaces – these vast, continuous areas that were previously exploited by the consumer economy – to be safeguarded for the city and, for the time being, left to their own devices.

The ‘urban wasteland’ is designated as the urban element of the future. For these wild, in-between spaces contain not only huge reserves of energy for ecological reproduction, but also social potential as the final free spaces in an ever denser and ever more rapidly regulated city.

It is precisely this absence of a clearly defined function that makes this urban wasteland so productive, open to appropriation and free for unforeseeable and unplannable uses. Hence, a strategy of non-planning, non-programming and non-organising should prevail in such places. Because it is this that makes space for the suppressed and often forgotten participants in the urban ecosystem: animals, bacteria and plants. If these abandoned areas are simply left to their own momentum, a new, active urban landscape will emerge. This could complete Vienna’s green belt and then widen it further by adding new, dynamic and diverse green spaces.

Eva Herunter (*1991) studied architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna and EPFL Lausanne. She has professional experience in Graz, Vienna, Berlin and Hong Kong and currently lives and works in Vienna.

Theme Superscape 2018

Urban Renewal - Departures, Renewal and Stability in the Digital Age

Ever increasing in size, the city has created building typologies  and structures in the 20th century which have left their imprint upon urban space and its dynamic to this day. Increasing urbanisation and digitisation drive social change processes with ever-increasing speed. Architectural construction measures can hardly be adapted to this speed while still conserving resources. Between analogue and digital worlds, sharing and prosuming, data security and targeting via data harvesting, ways of life, consumer and communication habits are also changing. This is associated with higher demands for urban living spaces that are geared toward the future, as an increasing amount of existing building structures and substance becomes redundant.

At the same time, the city population keeps growing, more living space is required and the associated needs of its inhabitants are also influenced by digital change. In the context of social and technical networking, ecological sustainability, smart cities and smart homes, the goal is to explore innovative potentials and problem solutions that architecture can offer, and to dare to imagine visionary future scenarios and design experiments in response to spatial and social challenges in the urban space in 2050. Multiple questions arise in this context:

How will current urban substance fare in the future? Which possibilities of second or intermediary usage can be developed in order to revive existing buildings and avoid vacancies?

Which building typologies will be affected, and how can these spaces be designed and used in innovative manners (e.g. a large shopping mall within an urban catchment area, office buildings from the 1970s within the expanded city centre now surrounded entirely by residential areas, or large retail locations within rising quarters on the fringes of city centres, etc)?

What is the role of economic dynamics and innovative technologies?

Which solutions may turn out to be both ecologically, socially and functionally sustainable?

Which options and potentials result from the context of social and technical networks for architecture, urban planning, living spaces and inhabitants?

What is the role of the interaction between architecture and digitisation? What forms might this take and how will digitisation affect space and human cohabitation within it?

How must this interaction be oriented in order to create an added value for inhabitants?

Jury 2018

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Christoph Luchsinger

Christoph Luchsinger graduated in Architecture at the ETH Zurich in 1979 and is professor at the faculty of Architecture at the Vienna University of Technology since 2009. From 1980 to 2009 he has been holding several teaching and research appointments for urban history and urban design i.e. at the ETH Zurich and the ZHAW Winterthur with a focus on urban strategies and urbanized landscapes. Further he has been working for several years as editor of the Swiss Architectural Review Werk, Bauen + Wohnen. Luchsinger was guest-professor for architecture 2003 at the TU Ljubljana/SI and 2004 at the TU Graz/AT. From 2013 to 2017 Luchsinger was the director of the TEMPUS education project „Sustainable Regional Development“ SEHSI in collaboration with several international universities. Since 1990 he runs an architectural office in Lucerne/CH together with Max Bosshard and since 2013 in Vienna/AT. Until 2019 he will be director of the project MEMUD for a curriculum of a middle-european master of urban design in collaboration with the Universities of Ljubljana/SI and of Split/HR.

städtebau.tuwien.at

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Ina Homeier

Ina Homeier is an architect and has been working for the urban planning department of the City of Vienna since 1994. She was also responsible for land use and district planning for several years. From 1998 to 2001 she worked at the Directorate-General for Research of the European Commission, where she was responsible for urban planning issues and research projects in the Key Action „The City of Tomorrow and Cultural Heritage“. Since 2011 she has again been working for the Urban Planning department where she is Head of the Smart City unit and coordinates the smart city activities of the City of Vienna with regard to strategy and content. For many years, she has been nominated by the European Commission and national funding bodies as evaluator for project applications and for mid-term and final assessments of research projects.

smartcity.wien.at

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Marie-Therese Harnoncourt-Fuchs

Marie-Therese Harnoncourt-Fuchs is graduate of the University of Applied Arts in Vienna and founded the next ENTERprise Architects in 2000 together with Ernst J. Fuchs. From the beginning they have operated in a field that ranges from experimental installations to architectural practice, treating both approaches as equal and mutually influential. Projects include Open-air pavilion Wolkenturm Grafenegg /AT, Lakeside Bath Caldaro/ IT, Pilotproject Kempelenpark and HAWI at the 15th Architecture Biennale in Venice / IT. Since 1998 she has held teaching appointments at the University of Applied Arts Vienna/AT, University of Technology Vienna/AT, University of Art and Design Linz/AT, Academy of Fine Arts and Design Bratislava/SK, ESA École Spéciale d’Architecture Paris/FR. She is a current member of juries or advisory boards such as BIG – advisory board of art, Forum Morgen Stiftung.

www.tne.space

Theme Superscape 2016

Future Urban Living – Functional Reduction with Maximum Space Gain

The Superscape 2016 title Future Urban Living – Functional Reduction with Maximum Space Gain opens a field for visionary design suggestions and space concepts which focus on building the urban residential space of the future. Innovative solutions are sought, combining high-quality residences with great space efficiency and the greatest functional flexibility possible. In this context, the changing needs and requirements of urban dwellers for their residences during the next 50 years shall be taken into consideration. The goal is to formulate forward-thinking concepts, to question familiar residential patterns and to risk experiments in design, but also to consider their feasibility, and to check the possibility of realising them within existing building substance and existing urban structures. Furthermore, the subject is highly relevant with regard to increasing mobility and urban traffic flow within the context of urban planning.

Immediate feasibility and current limitations imposed by building codes or norms should not be of primary concern.

Detailed information on the eligibility requirements, the application procedure and other relevant points can be found in the Call for Entries for Superscape 2016

Jury 2016

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Anna Popelka

born in Graz, studied architecture 1980–1987 at TU Graz. Visiting professorships in Vienna and Graz. In1995 she founded PPAG together with Georg Poduschka – which are great explorers with boundless enthusiasm, always thrilled about anything new. In order to fathom the immanent potential of the three-dimensional, PPAG use logics, science and the game as a matter of course and without any inhibitions. With a great deal of curiosity and ingenuity, they push algorithms, mathematics and aleatoricism to the extreme, applying many elements from their own living environment as tools in the sense of Method Acting, be it dolls, cooking recipes or even their own dwelling as an experimental laboratory – everything can be used for architecture.(Text: Maik Novotny)

Credit: Christian Jobst

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Christoph Thun-Hohenstein

born 1960, assumed direction of the MAK – Austrian Museum of Applied Arts / Contemporary Art on 1 September 2011. While working for the Austrian Foreign Ministry he held posts in Abidjan, Geneva, and Bonn. He was director of the Austrian Cultural Forum New York from 1999 to 2007, after which he served as managing director of departure - the Creative Agency of the City of Vienna, until August 2011. Christoph Thun-Hohenstein has published on topics dealing above all with European integration and with contemporary culture and art, and has held numerous lectures on these topics. He has also curated exhibitions of contemporary art, and he regularly serves on selection juries.

Credit: Aleksandra Pawloff, MAK

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Harald Gründl

born 1967 in Vienna, studied industrial design at Vienna´s University of Applied Arts. In addition, he has a doctorate in philosophy. In 1995, together with Martin Bergmann und Gernot Bohmann, he founded the design firm EOOS in Vienna. Since 2008, he is also chairman of the Institute of Design Research Vienna. He is practically and theoretically engaged in environmentally sustainable design. He is the author of the books The Death of Fashion. The Passage Rite of Fashion in the Show Window (2007) and The Cooked Kitchen. A Poetical Analysis (2008).He is co-editor of Tools for the Designrevolution. Design Knowledge for the Future (IDRV, 2014). Together with Thomas Geisler he curated the VIENNA BIENNALE exhibition 2051: Smart Life in the City.

Credit: Udo Titz

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Klaus Kada

born 1940 in Leibnitz, Styria, attended the Higher Technical School of Civil Engineering and subsequently studied architecture at the Technical University in Graz. As a young architect, he worked in Düsseldorf and Graz and opened a studio in Leibnitz in 1976, working with Gernot Lauffer until 1985. The renovation and expansion of the Sparkasse Bad Radkersburg and the Glass Museum in Bärnbach were his first building projects to win acclaim far beyond the Austrian borders. These were followed by many successful competitions, the opening of a second studio in Graz, an appointment as visiting professor in Bremen in 1992 and Munich in 1993, and an appointment as professor for building theory and design at the RWTH Aachen in 1994. In 1996 he founded a studio in Aachen, since 1999 in partnership with Gerhard Wittfeld and since 2012 with Kilian Kada as an additional partner. Klaus Kada has served as a juror on many international juries and has lectured at conferences and universities in Europe, Asia, North and South America. He is the president of Europan Austria, an honorary member of BDA/Germany and an honorary professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Many of his buildings have won major awards and prizes.

Foto: Carl Brunn

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Lilli Hollein

born 1972, is director and co-founder of VIENNA DESIGN WEEK. As an expert in design and architecture she has published widely. As a curator among others she worked on the Memphis Group with two exhibitions in 2002, she was comissioner for the austrian contribution at the 7. International Architectural Biennial in 2007. Furthermore she acted as a Jury president of KÖR- art in public space Vienna between 2010 and 2013. She holds a diploma in Industrial Design from the University of Applied Arts Vienna.

Theme Superscape 2014

Cities as Power Plants

Without public space, the private sphere lacks context; both areas are marked by constant reciprocity and mutual interdependence. Accelerated by the way in which both spheres are becoming superimposed by digital realities, this structural fabric is currently shifting massively. Forming the physical framework of this fabric, architecture and urban planning are equally confronted with new needs, potentials and challenges. Therefore, Superscape 2014 focuses on the interface between public urban space and private living space, inviting protagonists of architecture and space planning to submit their ideas and visions of future concepts. Which spatial practices will result from concepts already tested, such as home offices, guerrilla gardening, functional hybrids in the ground-floor zone, communicating façades, individually adaptable buildings or functionally open architecture? Which new forms of space usage between the private and public sphere are needed? Which frameworks can architecture and urban planning provide to reach these goals? How might this change the understanding of the private sphere and public space?

Given the pluralistic society and changing individual life situations, architecture that is elastic in form as well as in content is necessary. The use of architecture is not only a phenomenon of space, but also of time, being invariably embedded within a social and personal context. Buildings which are never finished, but grow and can be expanded according to their use, life spaces that can be adapted and designed according to private needs, as well as modular spatial solutions – all these open up new perspectives on architecture and potentially respond to the complexity of modern society.   

Jury 2014

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Wolfgang Kos

Director Wien Museum (2003 - 2015); cultural historian, journalist, exhibition organiser

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Peter Mörtenböck

Adjunct Professor, Technical University of Vienna and Goldsmiths College; journalist and curator

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Jana Revedin

Professor, Blekinge Institute for Technology; architecture theorist, founder of LOCUS Foundation, UNESCO delegate

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Laura P. Spinade

architect and master planner, BOA – Büro für Offensive Alleatorik, BUS architektur

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